Shiga History January–April 2017

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Chronology of Shiga Prefecture’s major and interesting news headlines for January–April 2017 (according to the year, month, day, and time posted at GMT).

Originally posted on Twitter under Shiga Headlines by Philbert Ono. Twitter posts are limited to 140 characters including spaces and links (shortened by Twitter). Dates and times below are based on GMT instead of Japan time.

2017/1/3 2:16 Happy 2017! It’s a warm New Year’s, hardly any snow on Mt. Ibuki. Wishing you a healthy and good 2017.
2017/1/6 10:05 Hikone’s mascot Hiko-nyan received 11,796 New Year’s nenga postcards this new year as of Jan. 6, 2017. About 300 more than last year.
2017/1/6 10:20 In Shiga, 7,855 men and 7,200 women (born April 2, 1996–April 1, 1997) will mark their Coming-of-Age on Jan. 9. 440 more than last year.
2017/1/6 11:53 2017 NHK Taiga Drama “Onna Joshu Naotora” (#おんな城主直虎) from Jan. 8 will be about Ii Naotora, Hikone Castle Lord Ii Naomasa’s adoptive mother.
2017/1/9 8:27 Kyoto University Rowing Club’s official 2017 calendar includes “Lake Biwa Rowing Song” English lyrics for the 1st time. https://t.co/gs1pnsLbpe
2017/1/14 3:57 Hip-hop PR video for Hikone Castle’s 410th anniversary (Mar. 18–Dec. 10, 2017) going viral (in Japanese only). https://t.co/sIm341BZsF
2017/1/15 3:08 Good news for skiers. Snow in most of Shiga this weekend, especially northern Shiga.
2017/1/16 5:13 Hino & Higashi-Omi are holding a Hina doll tour for foreigners on Feb. 25 for ¥2,000. Send application by Feb. 10. https://t.co/edXxRI893e
2017/1/17 13:59 Docomo cell phone users in Otsu & parts of Kyoto are having connection problems due to the heavy snow & power outages disrupting cell towers
2017/1/17 15:24 Funny weekly manga about Shiga by Sakana Kouji (in Japanese only). Updated every Fri. 滋賀の面白い漫画 by さかなこうじ https://t.co/whiKwY1t6S
2017/1/18 12:49 Shiga Pref. Government will bar Dentsu from bidding on any PR-related contract jobs citing the overworked Dentsu employee’s suicide (高橋まつり).
2017/1/24 10:08 Heavy snow in northern Shiga continued from yesterday, delaying trains/buses & causing traffic jams. 115 schools in Shiga were closed today.
2017/1/26 4:26 A deliberation committee (琵琶湖周航の歌100周年記念促進協議会) met for the 1st time to plan the PR for the 100th anniv. of Biwako Shuko no Uta rowing song.
2017/1/26 13:25 Heavy snow has destroyed or damaged 123 greenhouses mostly in eastern Shiga, damaging 0.52 ha of crops like mizuna & spinach.
2017/1/27 10:28 For the second year in a row, Shiga Gakuen will represent Shiga at the 2017 Senbatsu Spring Koshien national high school baseball tournament
2017/1/31 9:21 Made my first Lake Biwa pearl brooch at a workshop conducted by Otsu-based Jinbo Pearls this past weekend in Shibuya, Tokyo. That was fun! 
2017/2/8 18:47 Sep. 2016: Five Ayaha H.S. #綾羽高校 baseball players in Kusatsu shoplifted shoes at a sports shop. They received “guidance” and quit the team.
2017/2/10 15:42 Omi-Hachiman is taking steps to eliminate or hide utility poles to beautify and protect its traditional townscapes from March 2018. #無電柱化
2017/2/10 15:44 Heavy snow is expected to continue this weekend in Shiga, especially in Hikone, Maibara, and Nagahama.
2017/2/13 20:46 Four Keihan Railways station names will change in March 2018: Hama-Otsu, Sakamoto, Bessho, & Ojiyama. Otsu will pay ¥15 mil. for the change.
2017/2/14 15:26 Enryakuji’s Tendai Zasu Abbot 森川宏映座主 held a service at Kyoto’s Nishi Hongwanji for the 1st time on the 1,000th anniv. of Genshin’s death.
2017/2/24 22:58 Shiga dept stores have joined the “Premium Friday” campaign on the last Fri. of the month to cater to workers who get off work early at 3 pm
2017/3/4 15:47 Shiga food/crafts at the 29th Omi Fair in Takashimaya Dept. Store Nihonbashi Branch 8th floor in Tokyo, March 8–13. https://t.co/YIy7P3xool
2017/3/5 5:48 Kenyan Ezekiel Kiptoo Chebii won the 72nd Lake Biwa Mainichi Marathon today in 02:09:06, Sasaki Satoru was 4th at 02:10:10.
2017/3/7 2:06 Nagahama International Friendship Association 長浜市民国際交流協会 has started English Cafe for English conversation. Next one will be on March 12. https://t.co/B2FS2yvNST
2017/3/8 14:02 Heard interesting discussions & met people at the Japan Heritage International Forum in Tokyo, March 7. Lake Biwa is also a Japan Heritage. https://t.co/mtWFWshACP
2017/3/11 7:38 Hikone Castle garden Genkyuen’s pond is undergoing major repairs. Pond water has been drained. Looks very drab now.  
2017/3/11 7:40 In front of Nagahama Station, the new shopping/restaurant complex on the old Heiwado site should be opening soon. 
2017/3/11 7:44 March 12 is the last day of the Nagahama Bonbaiten #長浜盆梅展 plum blossom bonsai exhibition (now in peak bloom) in the Keiunkan (慶雲館). 
2017/3/11 7:58 Actress Kaho Tsuchimura (center) #土村芳 was at Hikone Castle’s Tenbin Yagura on March 10 to film NHK TV morning drama series “Beppin-san.” 
2017/3/17 9:26 Tasted Shiga’s famous Salad Roll サラダパン for the 1st time. Basically a hot dog bun with mayonnaise and small slices of takuan pickled radish. 
2017/3/17 9:30 初めてサラダパンを食べました(木之本のつるやパンより)。なんか戦後の昭和時代っぽいな懐かしい味でした。素朴な作りで誰でも同じもんが作れそう。こんなもんで人気・有名になるなんてちょっと驚きました。外国人にもオススメできるかどうかはちょっと微妙です。 https://t.co/SrqATDPmU6
2017/3/18 3:59 The Museum of Modern Art, Shiga will close on March 31, 2017 for 3 years for major renovations. See their last exhibition before it closes.
2017/3/18 4:00 Hikone Castle’s 410th anniversary celebration started today with special exhibits inside castle buildings. Ends on Dec. 10, 2017.
2017/3/18 14:34 HigashiOmi police sergeant Kumita Masaya 汲田昌也 (36) arrested for threatening to kill his GF over the phone when she tried to break up w/him.
2017/3/18 14:48 Eight Nagahama policemen punished for sexual harassment of 2 policewomen in Nov. by using a pro wrestler’s hold on the women and taking pics. 
2017/3/18 14:59 Otsu City Hall miscalculated tax bills and national health insurance premiums & benefits totaling ¥12.99 mil. affecting 272 Otsu citizens.
2017/3/18 15:05 Earlier this month, Hikone City Hall sent 27 “My Number” personal ID cards (indicating the birthdate, address, etc.) to the wrong addresses.
2017/3/18 15:09 Hiko-nyan will have a new official pose, showing him with both arms raised (banzai) and smiling.
2017/3/19 9:47 Spouse seekers in Higashi-Omi reach out through bathhouse poetry serenading – The Mainichi 歌垣風呂 銭湯の壁越しに歌を詠み合い「婚活」 https://t.co/zzufegvvde
2017/3/22 11:11 Former Gamo-Higashi Elementary School head teacher Arikawa Tomoaki (50, 有川智章) found guilty of forcing 4 women to meet him after sending candid pics
2017/3/22 11:19 As of Jan. 1, 2017, Shiga’s average land prices have fallen 9 years in a row, by -0.4% over 2016. Land prices in Kusatsu & Moriyama rose.
2017/3/22 11:31 Toray Arrows pro volleyball player Kimura Saori retired this month after a 12-year pro career including 4 Summer Olympics & a bronze medal.
2017/3/22 11:39 Shiga Gakuen beat Tokai Univ. Ichihara Boyo H.S. 6-2 in their 1st game at the Senbatsu Spring Koshien nat’l high school baseball tournament.
2017/3/22 12:33 Itoen is selling their Koi-cha #濃い茶 bottled tea (525 ml) with a special “Mother Lake” sakura label until Mar. 31 for Lake Biwa donations. 
2017/3/23 13:00 Otsu mayor Koshi Naomi is taking a voluntary 30% pay cut next month to make amends for 7 corrupt city employees in the past 2 months.
2017/3/23 13:04 From Maibara, the “My Bara” 米バラ umeshu plum cake shaped like a rose (bara) is very good. Sold at Ibuki-no-Sato Road Station 伊吹の里 in Maibara. 
2017/3/24 11:14 At a Heiwado in Otsu, bought up all the Itoen Koi-cha #濃い茶 bottled tea with the special “Mother Lake” label. It’s for a spring party… https://t.co/PszEIdUym7
2017/3/24 11:18 Monreve bakery in Moriyama is famous for Funazushi Pie, a cookie made with funazushi fermented Biwako carp. Love it! 
2017/3/24 13:08 守山駅の近くにある洋菓子店モンレーブのふなずしパイ(10枚入り¥1250)。商品開発に苦労されたそうですが、さすがのヒット商品。うなぎパイと連想して甘そうと思いがちけど、全く甘くない。 鮒寿司の独特な匂いも味も見事に取り入れている。本物の鮒寿司が苦手の方にはこれがいい。 https://t.co/OtxcFvjLPn
2017/3/26 9:25 Shiga Gakuen tied w/Fukuoka-dai Ohori 1-1 in their 2nd game today at the Senbatsu Spring Koshien national high school baseball tournament.
2017/3/26 10:19 English guide to Hikone Castle’s 410th anniversary (March 18 to December 10, 2017). https://t.co/7aSlRdxzUQ
2017/3/28 9:52 Shiga Gakuen lost to Fukuoka-dai Ohori 3–5 in the tiebreaker today at the Senbatsu Spring Koshien national high school baseball tournament.
2017/3/28 17:22 Osaka High Court overturned Otsu District Court’s injunction against the restart of KEPCO’s No. 3 & 4 nuclear reactors at Takahama in Fukui.
2017/3/30 16:58 Head teacher (50) at Tamao Elementary School in Higashi-Omi suspended for 6 mo. for injuring a man with a beer mug during a quarrel last Aug.
2017/4/1 15:34 Modern Museum of Art, Shiga now closed for 3 years of major renovations & expansion to house Shiga’s art treasures & works by the disabled. https://t.co/19pvloW6TB
2017/4/1 15:38 滋賀県立近代美術館の3年間の休館で数十名の職員が解雇されました。皆さん、お疲れ様でした。再就職先が見つければいいですね。頑張ってください。 https://t.co/Sc4nujdn7y
2017/4/2 14:41 Bye-bye Hashimoto Naoko 橋本奈穂子 (Kinomoto native), today’s her last day as newscaster on NHK News 7. We’ll miss you. https://t.co/dBddQ3RSDX 
2017/4/3 12:46 Otsu City Hall today created a new dept. (未来まちづくり部) that will work to model the city after Geneva, Switzerland. Good luck to them.
2017/4/4 13:53 In this building next to Nihonbashi Station, Shiga will open its new Tokyo PR center and gift shop this Oct. to boost its brand recognition. 
2017/4/5 15:12 Only 38% of Shiga’s non-native jr. high English teachers & 62% of high school English teachers have EIKEN Grade Pre-1 or higher. 英検準1級
2017/4/5 15:21 Only 37.1% of Shiga’s jr. high students have attained EIKEN Grade 3 & 31.5% of high school students have attained Grade 2 or higher. 英検3級
2017/4/5 15:30 なんで学校で日本人の先生が英語を教えるの?Nativeはダメ?アメリカでは外国語を教えている先生のほとんどはそのnativeの方です。私もアメリカで日本語を習った時(小学校〜大学)、先生はほとんど日本人でした。じゃないと、教える資格がないし、生徒たちも信用できへん。
2017/4/9 20:22 Here’s the Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri 2017 Festival Schedule in English. Child kabuki on April 13 to 16. https://t.co/bP8QrU33aM
2017/4/11 13:32 A few glass windows were found shattered by fist-size rocks at four primary & intermediate schools in Omi-Hachiman on April 11 morning.
2017/4/12 5:49 毎日新聞(滋賀版)、ありがとうございました。
2017/4/17 6:06 滋賀版の朝日新聞、毎日新聞、読売新聞、産経新聞、そして特に中日新聞、どうもありがとうございました。当日の熱い日差しの中、お疲れ様でした。 https://t.co/Ejlkdq9XCz
2017/4/19 12:00 Kaizu-Osaki lakeshore road (Rt. 557) blocked by landslide. Section between Osaki-dera & Nihonmatsu is closed. Take Rt. 161 & 303 instead.
2017/4/22 4:23 Went on a Sakura Cruise from Imazu Port in mid-April. Got off the boat at Kaizu-Osaki Port and walked around for 30 min. Beautiful! #桜クルーズ 
2017/4/22 6:46 5-min. video of our live performance of “Lake Biwa Rowing Song,” April 16, 2017 at Imazu Port in Takashima.
2017/4/26 2:00 “We are ready” says Gov. Mikazuki with regard to emergency measures for any missile attack by North Korea on its army’s 85th anniv.
2017/4/26 15:21 I’m not complaining, but my “We love (place name)” slogan seems to have inspired copycats in Shiga. Maibara cable TV & visitors bureau FB. 
2017/4/28 6:55 Martin Stack, one of the best friends we ever had in Shiga, is battling an illness. Friends in Shiga made this video: https://t.co/UGWv8G63Kf
2017/4/29 8:54 Ninja-related sites in Koka and Iga (Mie) have been jointly designated as a Japan Heritage by the Agency for Cultural Affairs on April 28.
2017/4/29 8:56 Very strange that the Koka-ryu Ninjutsu Yashiki house is not part of the Japan Heritage designation. #甲賀流忍術屋敷 https://t.co/IgEnlaR0yD
2017/4/29 9:03 えーっ!なんで が日本遺産に入ってないの??油日神社などの社寺が入っているのに。おかし過ぎるよ。俳優Harrison Fordも訪れた屋敷だぜ。日本遺産審査委員会よ、もっとよく調べなあかん。https://t.co/IgEnlaR0yD

Shiga History Sept.–Dec. 2016Chronological History of Shiga | Shiga History May–Aug. 2017

Shiga History September–December 2016

Inui Yukiko at the Olympic victory parade in Ginza, Tokyo.

Chronology of Shiga Prefecture’s major and interesting news headlines for September–December 2016 (according to the year, month, day, and time posted at GMT).

Originally posted on Twitter under Shiga Headlines by Philbert Ono. Twitter posts are limited to 140 characters including spaces and links (shortened by Twitter). Dates and times below are based on GMT instead of Japan time.

2016/9/1 7:28 Between May 1 and Aug. 28, 2016, 582 people in Shiga were taken to a hospital due to heat exhaustion. 110 of them required hospitalization.
2016/9/1 7:31 Due to poor sales and increased competition, the Otsu Parco store will close at the end of Aug. 2017 and be replaced by a new owner.
2016/9/2 15:17 Kyoto Univ. research group found relatively high concentrations of microplastics in southern Lake Biwa. How they affect fish is unknown.
2016/9/2 15:24 Kusatsu cram school teacher Yabunaka Hirofumi (籔中博文) arrested for groping a high school student & shooting nude pics of underage female teen.
2016/9/3 6:34 Mugwort-flavored soft-serve ice cream (yomogi soft cream) on Mt. Ibuki is yummy! https://t.co/L5Wj1g2XUL https://t.co/uy1GHexvfV
2016/9/5 16:09 A few members of the Shiga Kenjinkai in southern California appeared on NHK TV today singing “Hana wa Saku.”

2016/9/6 4:50 Members of the Nanka Shiga Club (Shiga Kenjinkai) in southern California wore nice T-shirts at their summer picnic!

2016/9/7 14:06 Shiga Univ. Education Dept.’s primary school teacher Yamashita Tomoyoshi (39, 山下那義) arrested for groping a 16-year-old girl on a Kyoto train.
2016/9/7 14:07 Voter turnout among 18 & 19-year-olds in Shiga in the July Upper House election was only 50.57%, lower than Shiga’s overall 56.52% turnout.
2016/9/7 14:12 Lake Biwa is plagued with the most water bloom ever recorded. Found in 12 locations for a record 32 days as of Sept. 6, 2016.
2016/9/13 16:10 As of Sept. 1, 2016, Shiga had the most centenarians ever at 637 (as old as age 110), 38 more than in 2015. Only 66 of them are men.
2016/9/13 16:17 As of July 2016, 24.7% of Shiga’s pop. of 1.4 million was age 65 or older. Taga had the highest percentage of 33.3%, then Takashima at 33.3%
2016/9/14 15:15 Ritto native, paralympic swimmer KIMURA Keiichi won the silver in the 50m freestyle & bronze in the 100m breaststroke in Rio!
2016/9/21 18:35 For 8 years in a row, Shiga’s average land price has fallen. As of July 1, 2016, it fell by -0.4%. Higher in the south, but not in the north
2016/9/24 23:58 Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri (Sanbaso dancer ) at Tourism Expo Japan at Tokyo Big Sight yesterday. Musicians also played. https://t.co/jyDeMr4Y3z
2016/9/25 9:36 In Otsu yesterday, Shiga Lakestars lost their 1st basketball game in the new B.League against SeaHorses Mikawa, 78-83.
2016/9/30 22:46 Lake Biwa Museum’s website remains offline after a 2nd DDoS attack on Sept. 24 supposedly by anti-whaling Anonymous. http://www.lbm.go.jp/ 
2016/9/30 22:54 Renovated Otsu Station building reopened today with a capsule hotel, tourist info center, free rental bicycles, eateries, & outdoor terrace.
2016/10/1 13:42 Shiga’s 6th graders and 3rd-year jr high students scored lower than the national average on scholastic achievement tests in April.
2016/10/3 11:08 Paralympic swimmer KIMURA Keiichi from Ritto awarded Shiga’s sports honor award for winning 4 medals in Rio, his 3rd Paralympic Games.
2016/10/6 15:51 Nango Jr. High in Otsu has started English classes conducted only in English. All of Otsu’s Jr. high schools will have such classes by 2019.
2016/10/7 13:34 Shiga natives KIRYU Yoshihide (w/IIZUKA Shota) and synchronized swimmer INUI Yukiko appeared in the Olympic parade in Ginza, Tokyo today. https://t.co/dXnDZAd1V7
2016/10/11 8:38 Otsu mayor Koshi prayed today on the 5th anniversary of the bullied 13-year-old jr high school student’s suicide. https://t.co/vyAtmguM1O
2016/10/11 8:44 Maibara Station’s east side now rents out bicycles. Cycle Station has 60 bicycles of various types. Rental rates start from ¥3,500 per day.
2016/10/14 11:29 A lack of oxygen in the mud due to sedimentation of old lotus plants stunted the growth of lotus flowers at Karasuma Peninsula this summer.
2016/10/17 14:36 Remains of large Kofun-Period structures & evidence of iron-making found at Inabe ruins in Hikone. Possibly related to the Yamatai Kingdom.
2016/10/17 14:47 Shiga Prefectural Personnel Committee recommended a raise for over 18,000 pref. employees that will cost an additional ¥1.1 billion/year.
2016/10/21 14:44 Today’s M6.6 earthquake in Tottori also shook Shiga at M2 or M3 which caused no damage.
2016/10/27 6:20 11-year-old boy in Shiga was taken into custody by police for sending a bomb threat letter to Ohara Elementary School in Maibara on Oct. 19.
2016/11/1 2:25 A record 20 million foreign tourists visited Japan in 2016 as of Oct. 30, and the number visiting Shiga is also increasing, but still low.
2016/11/2 13:55 20 Shiga prefectural employees logged over 1,000 hours of overtime last fiscal year. Further measures to be taken to reduce overtime.
2016/11/10 3:43 Trump won sister-state Michigan by 0.3%, 47.6% of the popular vote vs. 47.3% for Clinton, about 12,000 votes more out of 5 mil+ votes cast.
2016/11/10 3:45 Hidden Buddha at Eigenji displayed for the 1st time in 30 years until Nov. 27. Ishiyama-dera’s hidden Buddha also on display until Dec. 4.
2016/11/22 11:12 A man (28) from Kora died 3 days after choking on his 5th onigiri at an onigiri eating contest held by JA Higashi Biwako in Hikone on Nov.13.
2016/11/24 10:32 Eigenji temple in Higashi-Omi showing hidden Kannon for the 1st time in 30 years until Nov. 27. Serene, golden face.

2016/11/26 14:06 Ishiyama-dera in Otsu showing its hidden principal object of worship, a huge seated Kannon statue for the 1st time in 33 years until Dec. 4. https://t.co/e4SoFZs8FN
2016/12/1 1:18 Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri now officially a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage along with 32 other float festivals.
2016/12/7 20:47 Nagahama policeman Yasuda Kazushi (33, 安田一司) arrested for hugging a woman (20s) from behind on a Hikone street and attempting obscene acts.
2016/12/7 20:58 The last leg of the Hokuriku Shinkansen to be built from Tsuruga to Shin-Osaka will be decided soon. Shiga is pushing for the Maibara route.
2016/12/8 5:25 Due to low enrollment, Omi Brotherhood Elementary School will stop recruiting from 2018 & close in March 2023 after the last class graduates.
2016/12/13 15:09 Gamo-Higashi Elementary School head teacher Arikawa Tomoaki (50, 有川智章) arrested twice for extortion for trying to force two women to meet him.
2016/12/13 16:08 Dec. 11: North Korean Otsu man Nakagawa Akihiro (中川晃) on the JR Shin-Imamiya Station platform in Osaka pushed a 63-year-old woman onto the tracks who survived.
2016/12/13 16:12 Nakagawa Akihiro (中川晃大、本名、裴晃大) arrested for attempted murder for pushing a 63-year-old woman onto the tracks. Mother in Otsu cites mental problems.
2016/12/13 16:15 Shiga Blog: Renovated Otsu Station building reopens with The Calendar and other eateries. https://t.co/qptLBQ2R8y
2016/12/14 11:26 The Obama-Kyoto Route has been chosen for the Hokuriku Shinkansen from Tsuruga to Shin-Osaka citing faster travel times and cheaper fares.

2016/12/25 14:58 Near Hikone Castle on Xmas morning, a 100kg wild boar attacked 4 male tourists on a sidewalk, causing minor injuries. Boar was later killed.
2016/12/26 15:24 Plans have been announced to renovate the 100-year-old Ohmi Railways Hino Station. Donations are being solicited to help cover the cost. https://t.co/mXGDmuUybO
2016/12/27 15:35 Gov. Mikazuki has stated that since the Hokuriku Shinkansen won’t go through Shiga, there’s no reason for Shiga to help bear the cost.
2016/12/28 15:35 A Japanese novel about William M. Vories titled, “Yane wo Kakeru Hito” 屋根をかける人 was written by Kadoi Yoshinobu 門井慶喜 & published in Dec. 2016.

Shiga History May–Aug. 2016Chronological History of Shiga | Shiga History Jan.–April 2017

Shiga History May–August 2016

fb020-20160822_5176Chronology of Shiga Prefecture’s major and interesting news headlines for May–August 2016 (according to the year, month, day, and time posted at GMT).

Originally posted on Twitter under Shiga Headlines by Philbert Ono. Twitter posts are limited to 140 characters including spaces and links (shortened by Twitter). Dates and times below are based on GMT instead of Japan time.

2016/5/3 8:59 Beware of bears while hiking in the Suzuka mountains along the border with Mie Pref. Bears have been spotted in Taga.
2016/5/6 23:30 Japan’s badminton team for the Rio Olympics will include two players from Otsu: KAZUNO Kenta (31) and HAYAKAWA Ken’ichi (30) #数野健太 #早川賢一
2016/5/12 20:51 Biwako fishermen numbered 2,926 in 1968 and only 687 in 2013. 57% age 65 or older. Help now available to those wanting to become fishermen.
2016/5/15 12:14 Topaz has been designated as Shiga’s official stone/mineral.
2016/5/15 12:25 Memorial service marking the 25th anniversary of the fatal May 14, 1991 collision of a Shigaraki Kogen & JR train was held at the crash site.
2016/5/22 8:24 Monjuro Gate (photo) is 1 of 11 buildings at Enryakuji to be designated as an Important Cultural Property of Japan. https://t.co/5OFh310jNh
2016/5/25 3:31 King Liu of Taiwanese bicycle maker Giant cycled along Biwako from a Giant shop at Laforet Biwako in Moriyama to promote lakeside cycling.
2016/5/26 2:36 Citizens’ group found that Takashima spent ¥120 mil. to resolve its 7-year illegal dumping & coverup of waste having excessive dioxin. #見張り番
2016/5/30 10:59 滋賀の魅力と発信方法について中日新聞の滋賀版に県内在住の7人の外国人の対談が載せられた。https://t.co/3JXxHGYt6P
2016/5/31 15:12 Memorial service was held on the 1st anniversary of the fatal giant kite crash in Higashi-Omi. Still no talk about continuing the festival.
2016/6/3 12:28 Due to excessive lead levels detected on May 18, incinerated waste from Ritto is being rejected by a Kobe garbage dump.
2016/6/3 12:33 Stressed by power harassment by a superior for a year, an Otsu City Hall worker in his 40s overdosed on tranquilizers & died in March 2015.
2016/6/5 3:19 Weather bureau announced that the rainy season started yesterday in Shiga (Kinki Region), three days earlier than usual.
2016/6/8 15:04 Ritto City Hall social welfare case worker Fujikuma Toshihiro (33, 藤熊俊宏) arrested for exposing himself to high school girls on a Kyoto train.
2016/6/9 17:25 Age 40 Enryakuji priest verbally reprimanded for hitting and injuring three younger priests earlier this year. One victim broke his eardrum.
2016/6/12 12:37 Hikone-native sprinter Kiryu Yoshihide (20) couldn’t break the 9-sec. barrier at a college meet in Hiratsuka with 10.1 sec. in the 100 m.
2016/6/14 12:32 For the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, Shiga & Otsu will be the host town for Denmark’s rowing team & Maibara will host New Zealand’s hockey team.
2016/6/15 1:11 Blog post about Biwako Nagahama Kannon House that opened in Tokyo in March. https://t.co/bJ2XkgLu7W
2016/6/17 14:35 Jiun-in Kannon temple in Maibara was burglarized & three Buddha statues valued at ¥13.5 mil. were found stolen on June 16. 慈雲院本荘観音堂
2016/6/20 22:57 Miyagino Stable held sumo practice in Nagahama on June 17–20. On the 19th, local people could see Yokozuna Hakuho & others practice.
2016/6/22 20:11 Opened in 1974, AL Plaza Otsu (Heiwado) at Otsu Station closed on June 20. To be replaced by a condo with a supermarket on the lower floors.
2016/6/25 13:17 Japan National Championships today saw Kiryu Yoshihide place 3rd in the 100 m finals (10.31 sec.), earning him a slot at the Rio Olympics.
2016/6/29 7:39 My latest video shows the Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri festival, soon to be a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. https://t.co/rMOMixEywi
2016/7/6 13:23 Over 40 Nagahama Kannon statues at University Art Museum (東京藝術大学美術館), Tokyo Univ. of the Arts July 5–Aug. 7, 2016. https://t.co/rpZQ3DOs5v
2016/7/13 11:45 Hikone, Maibara, and Nagahama will have a booth at Taiwan’s largest Japan tourism expo (“Touch the Japan”) to be held July 17–20, 2016.
2016/7/13 11:51 As of June 30, Hikone Castle received donations from visitors totaling ¥896,888 for Kumamoto Castle. The total has been given to Kumamoto.
2016/7/13 16:05 Summer 2016 fireworks schedule in Shiga Prefecture: https://t.co/H8HHzwmWEZ
2016/7/14 3:36 Lake Biwa Museum reopened today for their 20th anniv. after major renovations that include new exhibits like a Baikal seal from Lake Baikal.
2016/7/19 1:54 Went to see the Nagahama Kannon exhibition in Tokyo that goes on until Aug. 7. https://t.co/5zlzvknBzl
2016/7/22 10:09 The Mizunomori Lotus Pond in Kusatsu is almost extinct this year. No flowers at all. Cause is still unknown. https://t.co/mtCMRLDBxw
2016/7/24 13:48 Shigaraki Fire Festival last night. Not crowded at all. Their kilns worship fire. Missed the 9 pm fireworks though. https://t.co/sIuEKoHQMa
2016/7/26 0:57 In Otsu, a man (21) was playing Pokemon Go while driving & hit a car at a stop light causing a 3-car collision & neck injury to a driver.
2016/7/28 8:51 Ohmi High School beat Takashima 3-0   yesterday to represent Shiga at the national high school baseball tournament at Koshien this summer.
2016/7/28 14:52 Omi Jingu Shrine saw a record 402,000 visitors during Jan.–June this year, thanks to the Chihayafuru movie that hit theaters in March.
2016/8/1 18:27 Let’s cheer on the Olympic athletes from Shiga Prefecture in Rio de Janeiro! Shiga athlete list here: https://t.co/prgef7ZFTZ
2016/8/7 14:17 Hikone Weather Bureau has issued a high-temperature warning for Shiga 8 days in a row. More hot days (35˚C or higher) expected. Keep cool!
2016/8/7 15:31 OTA Yuki all but announced his retirement after losing his first fencing match in Rio against Brazilian TOLDO Guilherme.
2016/8/11 13:24 Hordes of people visited sunny Mt. Ibuki today on Aug. 11, 2016, Japan’s new national holiday called Mountain Day. https://t.co/vPdAMZphGx
2016/8/13 10:00 Ohmi High School lost to Joso Gakuin 0-11 in their 1st game on Aug. 9, 2016 at the Summer Koshien national high school baseball tournament.
2016/8/13 15:56 In Rio, KIRYU Yoshihide ran 100 m in 10.23 sec. which was not enough to advance to the semifinals like Cambridge and Yamagata.
2016/8/15 8:05 Maibara rice paddy art of Yokosuka mascot Sucurry by Taura Jr. High students who visited from Yokosuka, Kanagawa. https://t.co/rEjp5b3fPG
2016/8/16 19:18 Omi-Hachiman native INUI Yukiko & partner MITSUI Risako won the Bronze medal in Duet synchronized swimming in Rio! https://t.co/8lftbirLrs
2016/8/19 17:18 Team Captain INUI Yukiko (from Omi-Hachiman) & her team won the Bronze in Team synchronized swimming in Rio! https://t.co/thV09Mf6uz
2016/8/20 2:30 Hikone native KIRYU Yoshihide & his 3 track mates won the Silver in the Men’s 400m relay race in 37.60 sec. in Rio! https://t.co/o1WbyNvAlb
2016/8/25 14:01 New edition of Japan Post’s die-cut postcards (gotochi form card) are out. Shiga’s latest one is red devil’s tongue. gotochiFormCard2016
2016/8/26 1:09 Only 8.9% of CEOs in Shiga are female, lower than the 11.9% national average. That’s 1,991 women out of 22,479 Shiga companies as of 2015.
2016/8/26 1:13 Due to a lack of rain, Lake Biwa’s water level is 43 cm below the standard level, the lowest in Aug. in 8 years. No adverse effects yet.
2016/8/28 2:58 Age 21 teacher’s assistant (籔中博文) from Nagahama arrested for putting a video camera inside a girls’ restroom at a Kusatsu public high school
2016/8/29 10:45 Nagahama City Hall received a 12 pm bomb threat again by phone this morning. Everyone evacuated by 11:30 am and returned safely at 12:30 pm.
2016/8/31 12:18 A group in Nagahama is soliciting donations to build a monument for “Biwako Shuko no Uta” (Lake Biwa Rowing Song) at Hokoen Park next June.

Shiga History Jan.–April 2016Chronological History of Shiga | Shiga History Sept–Dec. 2016

Shiga History January–April 2016

Glass mosaic of Hideyoshi at Nagahama Station unveiled on April 5 by the Lions Club.

Glass mosaic of Hideyoshi at Nagahama Station unveiled on April 5 by the Lions Club.

Chronology of Shiga Prefecture’s major and interesting news headlines for Jan.–April 2016 (according to the year, month, day, and time posted at Japan time).

Originally posted on Twitter under Shiga Headlines by Philbert Ono. Twitter posts are limited to 140 characters including spaces and links (shortened by Twitter). Dates and times below are based on GMT instead of Japan time.

*From 2016, Shiga History blog posts for Shiga Headlines will include four months of tweets instead of only three months.

2016/1/1 9:56 Happy New Year 2016! We’re having a “warm” winter. Snow on Ibuki on New Year’s Day, but even Yogo is snowless. https://t.co/yyF2c99p2G
2016/1/5 14:51 “Child-rearing” taxi service has started in Shiga for busy parents to have their kids driven to/from school, etc., by trained taxi drivers.
2016/1/8 4:59 長浜駅舎内にある長浜駅観光案内所は市内の路線バスの案内がまったくやってない。バスの時刻表もない。バスの案内や情報は観光案内所の一つの基本的な仕事である。
2016/1/11 14:51 On Coming-of-Age Day today, 14,615 in Shiga reached adulthood (those born between April 2, 1995 to April 1, 1996), 679 fewer than last year.
2016/1/15 9:40 Held in Oct., Otsu Matsuri is slated to be designated as a National Important Intangible Folk Cultural Property. https://t.co/d2KofzROYq
2016/1/15 14:44 I will welcome Twitter’s policy of allowing up to 10,000-character tweets. But I will still keep my tweets very short.
2016/1/17 14:07 Congratulations to Naomi Koshi for winning reelection as Otsu mayor today, defeating 3 other candidates. Voter turnout was 47.97%.
2016/1/20 0:30 Snow has blanketed Shiga today, mostly in the north, but Otsu is also white. Be careful of slippery and icy roads and sidewalks.
2016/1/22 3:38 Minpaku lodging is spreading in Shiga: https://t.co/S5YQKahBgt
2016/1/22 3:38 Nagahama Station area is undergoing dramatic changes: https://t.co/SfJyexdKAT
2016/1/24 16:15 Freezing temperatures and heavy snow are forecast for today in Shiga, the 25th.
2016/1/25 12:09 As of 8 pm on Jan. 26, snowfall in Yogo measured 60 cm, Maibara 20 cm, Hikone 18 cm, and Imazu 15 cm. Snow is expected to continue tonight.
2016/1/25 12:14 Five people, mostly elderly, in northern Shiga were taken to a hospital by ambulance today after slipping on snow and getting injured.
2016/1/28 14:55 JR West has proposed the Hokuriku Shinkansen’s last segment from Tsuruga to Osaka to go through Obama and Kyoto instead of Maibara.
2016/1/28 15:09 A shipbuilding company in Hiroshima has won the bid at ¥3.051 billion to build the new Uminoko Floating School to set sail from April 2018.
2016/1/29 14:11 Kansai Electric Power Co.’s No. 3 reactor at the Takahama nuclear power plant in Fukui Prefecture was restarted today.
2016/1/29 14:15 Education Ministry found 36 educators in Shiga to have received money/favors from textbook publishers to evaluate textbooks under review.
2016/1/31 10:19 Setsubun bean throwing at Taga Taisha Shrine on Feb. 3 at 11 am and 2 pm. Ogre (oni) dance by Inbara Kaguradan troupe from Shimane Pref.
2016/2/2 4:54 Last fiscal year, hunters culled a record 14,374 deer in Shiga. Still short of the 16,000 yearly target to halve the 67000 deer population.
2016/2/5 6:12 Otsu will be sending five jr. high English teachers to the Philippines for 10-day English training from this summer.
2016/2/5 6:15 Of the 90+ English teachers at Otsu’s jr. high schools, only 30% has a TOEIC score higher than 730 or Eiken 1. Nativeにかないません。
2016/2/5 6:17 Cherry blossoms in Shiga are forecast to start blooming at the normal time of early April.
2016/2/5 6:22 Hina-matsuri doll festivals are being held in Shiga until March 21. Gokasho in Higashi-Omi is one great place. https://t.co/bKGlXAQ5na
2016/2/7 3:23 An estimated 54,000 bicycled around Lake Biwa (200 km) in 2015. 90% did it counterclockwise for closer views of the lake.
2016/2/15 18:57 As of Oct. 2015, a record 1,450 companies in Shiga have hired 12,236 foreign employees, mostly Brazilians (5,188), Chinese, and Filipinos.
2016/2/15 19:02 Mascot Hiko-nyan says that he will eat all 291 gifts of chocolate he received for Valentine’s Day. Hope the kids don’t imitate him…
2016/2/17 22:25 JR West President has stated that the Hokuriku shinkansen’s Tsuruga-Osaka route via Maibara would be too full with the Tokaido shinkansen.
2016/2/24 0:42 Nakamura Koichi (中村公一, 51), a teacher at Seta Kita Jr. High in Otsu has been arrested for smuggling drugs from China & using stimulants.
2016/2/24 1:20 Otsu Matsuri is to be designated as an Important Intangible Folk Cultural Property of Japan (重要無形民俗文化財). https://t.co/qqntYmBL34
2016/2/25 13:50 Shiga finally has a food shop in Tokyo (Akihabara) in Nippon Hyakkaten Shokuhinkan (Chabara). Opened in Sept. 2015. https://t.co/s7jHe1OSkd
2016/2/28 11:21 Hiko-nyan runner today at the 10th Tokyo Marathon 2016. I was near the 30 km checkpoint near Asakusabashi Station. https://t.co/t8vF4PQ30O
2016/3/1 0:48 Snow in Shiga today since last night. Winter’s last roar?
2016/3/1 12:28 According to the national census taken on Oct. 1, 2015, Shiga’s population was 1,413,184, an increase of 2,407 compared to the 2010 census.
2016/3/1 15:12 After 3 months of major renovations, Nagahama Castle Museum reopened on Feb. 27 with better air conditioning, better exhibits, LEDs, & more.
2016/3/6 5:42 Kenyan Lucas Rotich won the 71st Lake Biwa Mainichi Marathon today in 02:09:11, Hisanori Kitajima was 2nd at 02:09:16.
2016/3/7 11:37 In 2015, 5.409 million visitors lodged in Shiga, a 16.9% increase over 2014. And 464,000 of them were foreigners, a 101% increase over 2014.
2016/3/7 11:40 In 2015, Shiga’s average hotel occupancy rate was 60.5%. Busiest visitor months were May (510,000), July (520,000), and Aug. (670,000).
2016/3/8 14:59 College student and Otsu native Sari Nakazawa, representing Shiga, won the 2016 Miss Universe Japan title. https://t.co/ISklQ07xlu
2016/3/10 5:45 Buddhist altars made in Shiga Prefecture (blog post): https://t.co/tgsl1wLN4n
2016/3/10 10:20 Takahama power plant’s No. 3 reactor in Fukui was shut down today as ordered by yesterday’s provisional injunction from Otsu District Court.
2016/3/11 18:15 As of Feb. 22, 2016, 205 evacuees (83 households) from Tohoku still live in Shiga. This is about half the 428-person peak in Sept. 2011.
2016/3/17 0:49 Forestry institute managed to grow 22 saplings from a sick 250-year-old fudan-zakura cherry tree at Saimyoji temple. Now planted at Saimyoji
2016/3/18 5:34 Agriculture Ministry found that Shiga has 25,346 working in agriculture, 4,100 fewer than 5 years ago. Average age 67.6 got younger by 0.8.
2016/3/18 5:42 Hirose Elementary School in Adogawa held its last graduation ceremony on Mar. 18 before it will shut down and merge with another school.
2016/3/18 5:47 Hirose Elementary School is Shiga’s 19th elementary school to close since 1992 when the number of primary schools peaked at 244.
2016/3/18 6:32 Police filed reports on three men suspected of negligence resulting in death & injury when the giant kite crashed last year in Higashi-Omi.
2016/3/18 22:10 For the 1st time in 7 years, Ishiyama-dera’s 5-meter tall main Kannon statue is on public view at the Hondo main hall until Dec. 20.
2016/3/18 22:18 Twenty-two of 36 pedestrian overpasses managed by Shiga Prefecture are 40-50 years old. Two of them will be removed next fiscal year.
2016/3/19 14:40 Otsu Matsuri has been officially designated as a National Important Intangible Folk Cultural Property 重要無形民俗文化財. Celebratory events planned.
2016/3/19 14:56 A record 198,389 migratory birds (42 species) wintered in Shiga this year. Eurasian coot most common (84,869), but only 273 tundra swans.
2016/3/20 20:59 Shiga Gakuen beat Kiryu Daiichi High School 9-5 in their 1st game at the Senbatsu Spring Koshien national high school baseball tournament.
2016/3/21 22:09 Biwako Nagahama Kannon House (びわ湖長浜 KANNON HOUSE) opens in Ueno, Tokyo near Shinobazu Pond. Exhibits one kannon Buddha statue from Nagahama every 2 months.
2016/3/22 22:09 Censure motion passed for Kora mayor Kitagawa Toyoaki 北川豊昭­ for buying 5 gift certificates (limit was 2). Salary reduced by 60% for 1 year.
2016/3/22 22:20 Average land prices in Shiga fell by 0.3% as of Jan. 1, 2016. Higher in Kusatsu, Moriyama, Ritto, Yasu, & Otsu, and lower in Takashima,Hino.
2016/3/25 6:32 Shiga Gakuen beat Kamaishi High School 9-1 in their 2nd game today at the Senbatsu Spring Koshien national high school baseball tournament.
2016/3/26 7:23 朝日新聞社系のサイトに機械翻訳の注意点を取り上げ、栗東市役所のHPが一つの例。僕のコメントも掲載された。https://t.co/cnhpoPc8bA #withnews
2016/3/28 1:08 Shiga Gakuen lost to Chiben Gakuen 0-6 in their 3rd game today at the Senbatsu Spring Koshien national high school baseball tournament.
2016/3/29 15:04 A Shiga University economics professor in his 60s got a 1-month suspension for trying to kiss his female student in his car last Aug. #クビにしろ
2016/3/29 15:16 Shiga Prefectural Board of Education apologized for illegal or unethical conduct by 29 school teachers/principal in recent months.
2016/3/29 15:21 Seta Kita Jr. High School teacher Nakamura Koichi (中村公一), indicted for smuggling dangerous drugs from China, was fired yesterday on Mar. 29.
2016/3/29 15:28 Nagahama Kita High School teacher Inoue Taketoshi (井上武紀) was fired on Mar. 29 for groping a jr. high school student in a bus in Kyoto.
2016/3/29 15:32 A jr. high school teacher in Higashi-Omi got a 6-month suspension for repeatedly driving even when his driver’s license had been revoked.
2016/3/29 15:35 A public high school teacher in Hikone got a 6-month suspension for shoplifting some office supplies. He resigned instead.
2016/3/29 15:42 25 school teachers and principals in Shiga were reprimanded by local BOE for viewing textbooks from publishers undergoing screening.
2016/3/31 8:48 An investigative committee in Higashi-Omi has concluded that the kite festival should not be held until safety measures can be assured.
2016/3/31 8:51 The Hikone Meteorological Office announced today that cherry blossoms in Hikone have started to bloom. Full bloom in one week.
2016/4/5 11:00 Only 36% of Shiga’s non-native jr. high English teachers & 63% of high school English teachers have EIKEN Grade Pre-1 or higher. 英検準1級
2016/4/5 11:04 Hikone’s cherry blossoms in full bloom today. https://t.co/SXuOr7OjAJ https://t.co/tztXfYDwZa
2016/4/7 16:56 680 of Shiga’s 2,126 bridges are 50+ years old. The prefecture is prioritizing repairs of 304 old bridges deemed essential for emergencies.
2016/4/9 14:01 Saw sakura in full bloom today at Nagahama’s Hokoen Park. https://t.co/ViHds1xvKc
2016/4/13 3:22 Yesterday, watched Kujaku-zan’s child kabuki actors practice for the Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri. Amazing kids. #孔雀山 https://t.co/zwI95AJsUB
2016/4/13 3:25 Yesterday evening was the Hadaka-mairi at Nagahama Hachimangu Shrine. They purify themselves at this well. #萬歳楼 https://t.co/ckhcByVV4E
2016/4/13 14:20 Okina-zan used the Nagahama Hikiyama Museum for a rainy evening performance tonight, the first show in full costume. https://t.co/PABUThydyy
2016/4/13 14:57 Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri Festival Schedule: https://t.co/nCu01VVVtw
2016/4/16 14:38 From Shiga, 36 police, Disaster Medical Assistance Team of 14 doctors & nurses, & 17 Red Cross doctors & nurses have been sent to Kumamoto.
2016/4/18 14:33 Otsu today sent a truckload of relief supplies (water, disposable diapers, powdered milk, etc.) to Ozu town in Kumamoto. 大津市 to 大津町
2016/4/20 16:10 Otsu sent a second truckload of relief supplies (water, disposable toilets, blankets, etc.) to Ozu in Kumamoto on April 21.
2016/4/20 16:17 Otsu is providing 10 rent-free public housing units and Shiga Pref. is offering 25 rent-free units to Kumamoto/Oita quake evacuees.
2016/4/21 13:34 Eleven jr. high schools in Shiga that had planned school trips to Kyushu this spring have changed their destinations or postponed the trip.
2016/4/22 15:25 Sadly, Higashi-Omi’s mayor announced that the Odako Matsuri Giant Kite Festival will be cancelled this year due to last year’s tragedy.
2016/4/25 2:49 Otsu Station building undergoing major renovation. Due to reopen this autumn with a capsule hotel, cafe, and more. https://t.co/47F5gDJy1H
2016/4/25 2:56 Nagahama Station’s west exit has a ¥7 mil. glass mosaic of Hideyoshi & Nagahama-jo unveiled on April 5 by Nagahama Lions Club. https://t.co/XfedZTZvr3

Shiga History Sept.–Dec. 2015 | Chronological History of Shiga | Shiga History May–Aug. 2016

Buddhist altars made in Shiga Prefecture

Butsudan woodcarver Mori Tesso in Maibara.

Butsudan woodcarver Mori Tesso in Maibara.

Updated: May 7, 2016

Shiga Prefecture has three handicrafts officially designated as a “Traditional Craft” by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (経済産業大臣指定伝統的工芸品). “Traditional crafts” as defined by the Japanese government are handicrafts used in everyday life that are largely handmade using traditional techniques and traditional materials. And they are made in a specific area.

Shiga’s three designated traditional crafts are Omi jofu hemp cloth (近江上布), Shigaraki pottery (信楽焼), and Hikone butsudan (彦根仏壇) or household Buddhist altars made in Hikone.

Japan has over thirty cities and areas that produce household Buddhist altars (“butsudan” in Japanese). Fifteen of them are officially designated as a “Traditional Craft Production Area” (伝統的工芸品産地指定) by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry. These areas include the cities of Yamagata, Kyoto, Kanazawa, Niigata, Osaka, Nagoya, Hiroshima, and Hikone. They all have been making butsudan since the Edo Period. In 1975, Hikone butsudan became Japan’s first butsudan to be officially designated as a “traditional craft.”

Hikone butsudan is thus one of Shiga’s signature products. However, Shiga actually has two traditional butsudan manufacturing areas. Besides Hikone butsudan made in Hikone and MaibaraHama butsudan (浜仏壇), commonly called “Hama-dan” (浜壇) which is short for “Nagahama butsudan,” is made in Nagahama, Maibara, and Hikone. Although Hikone butsudan is more famous nationally due to its official designation, Hama-dan is not inferior in any way. Interesting how the Hikone butsudan and Hama-dan production bases are right next to each other, but they have different origins, histories, and designs. Since there is virtually zero English information about Hama-dan, this article will also shed some light on Hama-dan.

butsudan

Hikone butsudan and certified craftsman.

butsudan

Hama-dan Buddhist altar in Mori Tesso’s home. Guess how much it cost? (Read below.)

Chube'e

Buddhist altar room in Itoh Chube’e Memorial House in Toyosato.

Traditional butsudan are like miniature Buddhist temples in Japanese homes. They are more common in rural (old) Japanese-style homes (with tatami mats) than in urban condominiums/apartments. A Japanese-style home may even have a Buddhist altar room called butsuma (仏間) designed for a large butsudan to fit into an alcove.

Japanese families keep a butsudan to memorialize and pray to deceased family members and ancestors. Photos of the recently deceased or small vertical tablets (ihai) inscribed with their names may adorn or complement the butsudan along with various Buddhist implements (candle holders, rice offering holders, incense burner, bell, etc.). They all direct attention to the butsudan’s central figure that is usually a Buddha statue or scroll. While praying in front of the butsudan, a family member might even “talk” or “report” to the deceased about their lives and achievements.

During the obon season in mid-August and on the anniversary of a family member’s passing, the family may hire a Buddhist priest to conduct a memorial service in front of their household Buddhist altar. The butsudan thereby unifies and bonds living family members as it reminds them of their common ancestors. And it’s much more convenient than going to the gravesite to pray to the deceased.

The practice of keeping a Buddhist altar at home is unique to Japan. They don’t do it in other Buddhist countries like Thailand. It supposedly began in the Kamakura Period (1185–1333), but it didn’t spread until the Edo Period in the 17th century. When Christians were being persecuted in Japan, butsudan is said to have spread among families who wanted to show that they were not Christian. However, fewer and fewer modern homes in Japan today are not designed to have a butsudan, so fewer and fewer families buy and keep a butsudan.

Butsudan is not to be confused with kami-dana (神棚) which are household Shinto altars (miniature Shinto shrines). Keeping a household altar is a common practice in both Buddhism and Shinto. But butsudan and kami-dana altars look totally different and serve different functions.

Kami

Kami-dana household Shinto altar in a Hino merchant’s home.

dana

Kami-dana for sale.

The household Shinto altar is generally less ornate (mostly bare wood) and smaller than butsudan and are mounted high on a shelf toward the ceiling. It is usually dedicated to a local Shinto god or the god of one’s profession. Household members commonly pray to kami-dana for family safety, good health, and business prosperity. Kami-dana is quite common among business owners.

In a nutshell, butsudan are dedicated to the deceased, while kami-dana are dedicated to the living. Also, you don’t have to be Buddhist to keep a butsudan nor a Shinto believer to have a kami-dana. A home may even have both, as many Japanese worship or respect both Buddhism and Shinto. Families commonly hold both Shinto weddings and Buddhist funerals even though Shinto funerals and Buddhist weddings are perfectly fine. Even professional sumo wrestlers commonly have Buddhist funerals (sumo is a Shinto sport). When it comes to religion in Japan, things are not so black and white.

Besides serving spiritual and family functions, the traditional butsudan is a major assemblage of intricate, elaborate, and ornate artwork. It provides the livelihoods of highly-skilled traditional craftsmen and artisans required to make a butsudan. There are at least seven types of traditional craftsmen involved in making a butsudan: Cabinet maker (kiji-shi 木地師) who makes the wooden exterior cabinet, inner altar builder (kuden-shi 宮殿師) who makes the butsudan’s inner sanctum complete with a temple-like roof, woodcarver (chokoku-shi 彫刻師) who carves the transoms and Buddha statue, lacquer painter (nuri-shi 漆塗り師) who lacquers the cabinet, gold leaf gilder (kinpaku-oshi-shi 金箔押し師), metallic ornament maker (kazari-kanagu-shi 錺金具師) who makes metallic fittings and ornaments, and maki-e artist (makie-shi 蒔絵師) who creates lacquer decorations with sprinkled gold powder. The butsudan parts are then assembled by the butsudan shop that received the customer’s order. The best traditional craftsmen can also be certified with the official title of “Traditional Craftsman” (伝統工芸士) from the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry.

Installing a metallic fitting on Hikone butsudan.

Attaching a metallic hinge on Hikone butsudan door.

butsudan

Hikone butsudan is very gold.

Hikone butsudan is classified as a kin-butsudan (gold Buddhist altar 金仏壇) in reference to the abundant use of gold leaf (made of 95%+ pure gold). Like Kanazawa butsudan in Ishikawa Prefecture (famous for gold leaf) and Kyoto butsudan, Hikone butsudan looks very gold and is regarded as a high-end butsudan. The lacquer is glossy and the wood is usually hinoki cypress, zelkova (keyaki), or Japanese cedar.

Hikone butsudan originated in the mid-Edo Period (17th-18th centuries). Traditional craftsmen such as cabinet makers, lacquerware artists, and metallic ornament makers who had produced samurai swords, helmets, armor, etc., switched to making Buddhist altars as a peaceful pursuit during the peaceful Edo Period. It started with a lacquerware merchant who made a butsudan after learning from Kyoto butsudan sometime during 1624-44. As household Buddhist altars became more common, the Hikone daimyo (Ii Clan) officially sanctioned and protected the butsudan makers’ livelihoods. Many of these craftsmen lived in the Nanamagari area (七曲がり) of Hikone where a number of butsudan craftsmen and shops still remain while other craftsmen are scattered about in Hikone. In Nanamagari, you can visit butsudan shops and perhaps see an artisan at work or take a workshop in one of the butsudan crafts. In autumn, they hold the Nanamagari Festa (七曲がりフェスタ) with butsudan craftsmen demonstrating their art and offering hands-on lessons for the public.

With the backing of the local daimyo, Hikone’s butsudan industry developed into an efficient production system and became one of Hikone’s major traditional industries. After World War II, Hikone butsudan makers established their own guild and product inspection system to improve and assure the quality of their products. Traditional butsudan are usually signed and dated by the maker or artisan.

Hikiyama

Nagahama Hikiyama festival float (Shojo-maru).

chidori

Hama-dan has a top-edge, bare wood transom and inner roof with three triangular chidori-hafu. The roof’s center is similar to the roof of Nagahama Hikiyama Festival floats.

Meanwhile, Hama-dan Buddhist altars have kind of a confusing history since there was the original Izumi-dan (和泉壇) which has since been grouped together with Hama-dan. Technically, Izumi-dan and Hama-dan have separate lineages and both still exist, but I’m told Izumi-dan is quite rare now due to its high price range and it has since been commonly called Hama-dan. Izumi-dan has a unique kind of sculpture or style that a butsudan expert can distinguish from a Hama-dan. Izumi-dan is named after a prominent Nagahama carpenter and woodcarver named Fujioka Izumi (藤岡 和泉 1617–1705) who specialized in carving lotuses and clouds. He gained fame after creating highly-rated woodcarvings for Izumi Shrine in Nagahama. He made butsudan as well.

Izumi favored making butsudan with less gold leaf and more bare wood than Hikone butsudan and Kyoto butsudan. For example, the wood-carved transom (sama) on the altar’s top edge is bare wood and not gold like on Hikone butsudan. He used zelkova (an expensive and durable wood) for the transom and hinoki cypress for the cabinet and included much maki-e lacquer art.

Another distinctive feature is the Hama-dan’s inner altar roof. It looks a like castle roof with multiple ridges and decorative triangular gables called chidori-hafu (千鳥破風). They make the butsudan look very dignified.

Izumi’s descendants/associates also made the first hikiyama floats for the Nagahama Hikiyama Matsuri in the 18th century when kabuki became popular. The design of the hikiyama floats was modeled after the Izumi-dan Buddhist altars. In the photos above, you can how the roof design of the hikiyama float and butsudan are similar. Hikone butsudan has a different type of inner roof.

The Fujioka family helped to build and maintain the ornate Nagahama hikiyama floats. However today, the Fujioka family is no longer in this business and the floats are maintained by butsudan craftsmen.

Despite the different designs of Hikone butsudan and Hama-dan, both types can be configured to suit any Japanese Buddhist sect. Although the Jodo Shinshu Sect favors gold butsudan (like Hikone/Kyoto butsudan), a Jodo Shinshu family can still use a Hama-dan instead. I’m told that most Jodo Shinshu families in Nagahama and Maibara have a Hama-dan. (The butsudan in my home in Shiga is a Hama-dan as well.) Hama-dan is also reputed to be bigger than Hikone butsudan. Although I’m sure a (rich) customer can custom order a Hikone butsudan in any large size. I’m told that Hikone butsudan has a nationwide market base, while Hama-dan customers are mainly limited to northern Shiga.

Even though they are neighbors, it’s nice that Hikone butsudan and Hama-dan have retained their unique characteristics all these centuries. They also share some of the craftsmen who make butsudan parts for both Hikone butsudan and Hama-dan.

Mori Tesso in his workshop.

Mori Tesso in his workshop.

Mori Tesso and a dragon.

Mori Tesso and a dragon.

In September 2015, we visited one such craftsman, a very accomplished and versatile 70-year-old woodcarver (and painter) named Mori Tesso (森 哲荘) who lives and works in Kami-nyu (上丹生) in the city of Maibara. Out of the seven traditional butsudan craftsmen, I was most interested in the woodcarvers. After all, they make the Buddha statues that become the focal point of the butsudan. An online search led me to Mori Tesso at Mori Chokokusho (森彫刻所), a modest woodcarving studio next to his house. He has been a woodcarver in Kami-nyu for 55 years since age 15, right after junior high school. I got an exclusive interview and tour of their studio.

Kami-nyu is a small, rural enclave of butsudan craftsmen in a quiet, mountainous neighborhood in the Samegai area (on the way to the trout farm). There are cabinet makers, woodcarvers, gold leaf gilders, lacquer painters, etc. To have all these traditional craftsman in one place is quite rare in Japan. They make butsudan parts for both Hikone butsudan and Hama-dan, although such work has decreased dramatically.

Kami-nyu’s history goes back to the Tempyo Period (729–749) when a clan related to the Imperial Court lived in this area. Through their connections, they were exposed to cultural information and techniques from Korea and China. Kami-nyu thereby developed as a center of highly refined culture. In the early 19th century, two Kami-nyu teenage lads, 14-year-old Ueda Yusuke (上田勇助), who was the son of a shrine/temple carpenter, and friend Kawaguchi Shichiemon (川口七右衛門), spent 12 years in Kyoto to learn traditional woodcarving. When Yusuke came back to Kami-nyu, he worked as a woodcarver for local temples. Since the area was mountainous with little farmland, people in Kami-nyu made a living cutting trees and making woodcarvings for temples, shrines, and festival floats.

In the late 19th century (mid-Meiji Period), Yusuke’s son and successor (Yusuke II) ventured to make woodcarvings for Hama-dan, further refining his skills. Other butsudan craftsmen from different disciplines also started to settle in Kami-nyu. Kami-nyu thereby transformed from a woodcarvers’ neighborhood into a traditional crafts village that continues today. It’s a family business or cottage industry and most everything is handmade. They work separately, but as a team. There are no large, mass production factories. (Yusuke’s current descendants are no longer woodcarvers.)

Kami-nyu has a few butsudan shops (仏壇店) where you can custom order a butsudan to suit your budget and preferences. Many customers have their traditional butsudan custom-made. The shop will then mobilize and coordinate the traditional craftsmen in Kami-nyu to make the butsudan parts to be assembled by the shop.

Although the Kami-nyu craftsmen’s mainstay used to be making butsudan parts, their numbers have sadly shrunk dramatically due to a lack of work. The surviving ones now do mostly other work, any type of job that matches their skills (and fees). It could be a transom in a new house, restoration or repair work for temples, shrines, large altars, butsudan, kami-dana, and festival floats. They are highly versatile craftsmen.

Mori Tesso shows a drawing of a carving to be made for a roof part.

Mori Tesso shows a drawing of a carving to be made for a roof part.

Mori Tesso is a second-generation Kami-nyu woodcarver taking after his late father Hideo (秀男) who started the family trade. He was pretty much forced into the profession by his father who insisted that there were skills that can only be acquired at a young age. Tesso originally did not care so much for woodcarving and wanted to continue on to high school instead. However, after learning the craft from his father and older brother Nozomu, Tesso came to love woodcarving and feels fortunate to have pursued it. Look at his works and you will see that he is very good.

Hideo, born in 1900, apprenticed under a butsudan woodcarver in Kyoto after elementary school. He eventually became a master woodcarver. The post-war years were tough for him as people were too poor to buy butsudan. Old butsudan were often sold to feed the family.

As Japan recovered and people could afford to buy butsudan again, Hideo worked in Kyoto and trained many apprentices including his elder son Nozomu who started in 1951 after junior high school. Nozomu has been carving for over 60 years and lives in Kami-nyu.

Buddha

Butsudan Buddha statue carved by Mori Hideo.

Unfortunately, Hideo died at age 64, only three years after Tesso started carving. Tesso was quite saddened by his father’s passing and started dabbling in drawing and painting. But after getting married in 1973, he buckled down and pursued butsudan woodcarving seriously for a steady income. It takes at least 10 years to master the craft, and another 10 years to become a more versatile woodcarver.

He soon had two sons, Yasuichiro (靖一郎) and Tetsuo (徹雄), both of whom became woodcarvers themselves. Yasuichiro started training under his father and Uncle Nozomu at age 20 after graduating from a junior art college. Younger son Tetsuo apprenticed under his Uncle Nozomu as a woodcarver after high school. Both Yasuichiro and Tetsuo have been been carving for over 20 years now, so both are already master woodcarvers. Like his father, Yasuichiro has been certified by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry as a Traditional Craftsman for Hikone butsudan (彦根仏壇伝統工芸士). (There is no such certification for Hama-dan.) The two sons were not home during our visit so I didn’t get to meet them.

chisels

Mori Tesso and some of his many chisels.

The Moris live along the river flowing through Kami-nyu and Samegai. Their immediate neighbor is another craftsman and there is also butsudan shop right nearby. Their woodcarving studio is in a separate building next to their home. The studio is a fairly spacious room for three woodcarvers to work. They all face a window so they can look outside once in a while. Tesso carves while sitting at a low table which is actually a thick plank of wood. He sits on the floor, but his legs stretch out into a sunken pit. He has many little drawers for an arsenal of many different chisels. Kami-nyu is a quiet and relaxing place to do intricate work.

He showed us a variety of wood sculptures. He sketches the carving on the wood or paper, then makes a rough carving with a hammer and chisel. The final stages are fine carving. If there is a human face, he carves it last, as it is the most difficult part to carve. They don’t use sandpaper, etc., to smooth the surface either. It’s all smoothed with a chisel. This skill itself takes a few years to master.

Besides butsudan carvings, the Moris carve sculptures for shrines and temples (roof beams, transoms, etc.), wooden signboards for businesses, wooden picture frames, and festival floats. They can basically carve whatever the customer wants. They also repair butsudan sculptures. They do have ready-made sculptures for sale, but it seems that they mainly produce custom orders.

Tesso is a very, very versatile artist. He can carve all kinds of things. Just look at their website gallery for samples of their work. They also sell their work online via Yahoo Japan. An incredible variety. The Mori family also carved part of the impressive woodcarving mural displayed at Maibara Station’s east entrance. The mural shows Maibara’s major sights like Mt. Ibuki (top center) and Mishima Pond carved in wood.

Mural at Maibara Station by Kami-nyu woodcarvers.

Mural at Maibara Station by Kami-nyu woodcarvers.

After showing us his workshop, he brought us into his home where we saw a large Hama-dan in his Buddhist altar room (top photo). He made the butsudan with all the woodcarvings except for the Buddha statue that was carved by his father. Tesso told me that one customer saw this butsudan and immediately decided that he wanted one exactly like it. So Tesso had one made exactly like it. The cost? Ten million yen (!).

Indeed, high-end (i.e. large size and ornate), traditional butsudan can cost more than the top-of-the-line Mercedes-Benz luxury car (S-Class). On the other hand, there are also simplified and compact butsudan called “modern butsudan” (モダン仏壇) which cost a lot less than traditional butsudan. Modern butsudan are basically wooden cabinets sans woodcarvings and major artwork. Average size models (about 60 cm high) can cost around ¥150,000 or more, but when you throw in the standard implements (rice offering holders, candle holders, bell, etc.) and Buddha figure or scroll, it can total around ¥300,000 or more. Modern butsudan are geared for city dwellers and condos where space is limited.

Also, there is a lot of imported butsudan (or parts) from countries like China and Vietnam where labor is much cheaper than in Japan. Imported butsudan started to spread in Japan from the 1990s. They now account for about 70 percent of the butsudan sold in Japan.

Tesso tells me that these imported butsudan pose the biggest challenge or competition to the traditional craftsmen. Sadly, the number of traditional butsudan craftsmen has decreased significantly and the Moris no longer carve for butsudan that much. He says that they have been adapting and adjusting to such market conditions. Traditional craftsmen in Japan are now basically relegated to the high-end market. They are also supported by purists who still favor “Made in Japan” butsudan and other crafts, citing subtle differences in the artwork of imported models. For example, dragon sculptures on imported butsudan may look too “Chinese.” Some butsudan shops proudly indicate that their butsudan are “Made in Japan.” Otherwise, normal people cannot tell if it is imported or not.

Modern

Even modern butsudan are quite diverse. These are 50-60 cm tall.

During a quick tour of butsudan shops in Tokyo, I was surprised to see so many modern and imported butsudan. Even though the modern ones are more suited for urban families and Western-style homes, it’s still sad to see how the traditional butsudan are being squeezed out. The lower prices of modern/imported butsudan are no doubt very tempting for the average worshipper.

People in the market for a butsudan have a very, very wide selection. Whether it’s traditional or modern, large or small, cheap or expensive, or plain or ornate. Unlike electrical appliances, cars, and furniture, there are no corporate brands of butsudan. There are only traditional regional brands and anonymous brands (modern or imported). Hikone butsudan and Hama-dan are no doubt among Japan’s elite butsudan that can last for generations.

Even if you’re not Buddhist/religious or have no plans to buy a butsudan, I hope this article makes you appreciate the fine artwork that goes into a traditional butsudan and piques your interest to try and identify any butsudan you might sooner or later see in Shiga.

*Special thanks to Mori Tesso for showing us his workplace and sculptures and to Yasuichiro for answering my supplemental questions.

Major references for this article:

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